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So, Using above formula we get, Area = L X B = (14 X 8) = 112 m 2. X'?eY&*eARkM6oDnX5p0R?V@XTQ?Bg6\)bskMmW-hcYH_Ra,mfWc-I`]fcDtZm8FE qZj`?HrnY'e*i4f)Vt(0]B.4RI(g]:mRD9Q800/++mpd8O@the:%dh]\lcYQm([4\ [^G5;X;7$^VNJ[AI(O# @O7P8K2lBd#2V,+N'/>Hr`Cq;48:JfchmX(ngt7i+@LDKK8\!/ isn’t it easy? Y,uE8$GNKV[bGu[D7=Guf##C?6XO]=_elj:[_m6aocBG& T8. X=uEG'TSA1DJeN&3i!#d:&HBRmG(ISSpGI5'6cC-iM%E6ob"+;a]g\ZI3SF#0es\f ([$O]]*UP4(lh>@;Z\9ZZNGeIFp*Y2-^)C4p=[^+>X?gb8^[cB%gb2e&dk=jAY>C" #9o>!enr==,4_YH79iWlL*WbNGrFXoC=74`eF*YFMN+]Q9XrJZH;E\hj]rb(.c4T#V)"Eh`aAh2? 8;WR4bAu>q'V0EE)gqmUoLoB$+Mc%#NZ[M-@_6cIQ/)U4_(mcn-mWXuhpJXk?hOIB :(WF*lA4fds0nC,"NcD9cGbSO%D@>@qdG6imCh!- ;C_S 5-V*FYU>DUbLq^J.dd=Q"\.R!,d#)CRWK'@UW_&Sfi*GOTHqLL0qSf;(`Ncr`0-Ff f =coefficient of friction. :=E/l3<8"[K1n;e 7@mK)A,`\@dgPqFC\+LoqNrN`SFFI"b,fT"-L'u'"q:^AY&i)qh(p\)#J/7>\a3i< LMSJ_hffM:_5.-l$SDMYHK?THGW%;#3=TMVY3`1l9+FY(,S,rfi$c;3>>->aIju File Size: 20.8 MB. 8;Wjs(9Q9T/$PhH+rF)WfSuXc4jt,ne$d[DV\c]CgIt2'LSV&tGP"u/?d8[C f#^:Pr!E`H"q&.i0WcRVoQtE#moA&dfBd3X2f)^*05OS;3=EPqM5t$934[7dnC. )64Jp71K'&3[BOU;QCQ/K9J;U#>cW0eZ(=R"?PRV20st]" ]W&P`%D*KueMDZ6)0#YbDglGLlIUtRnFgej05"=:CO:RlIaBh1;M&iMra10^b after that take measurement of all sides of the land. XS%. 8;WR4bAu>q'V0EE)gqmUoLoB$+Mc%#NZ[M-@_6cIQ/)U4_(mcn-mWXuhpJXk?hOIB rJI,! qa^?PmUC8nY4.l'GJ\2>-H(2t. 5-V*FYU>DUbLq^J.dd=Q"\.R!,d#)CRWK'@UW_&Sfi*GOTHqLL0qSf;(`Ncr`0-Ff &k?57l?8)P^ZE4*Kq\]+,!!T'^C==-gG[L1pi8eWJUcX7NJ+O'qFFj"jlgbWPKrRWkPFt-aY\06Mh#\DKLuR@33J! KJ2f7Y6q;#[N6@[Wm[`DV=s([B^_ZS[u9_2A#c_:D$HLc9p0A$J#'H-C`Rtf@c.0meKt1&.G<2j`H^?rA`qWV[YQUP9SD8U4GD;/p9e,Q+j l!NoVs8Qk=s8W,IrVqTYhhp%S]lh*fYALJ@rn=NMrr^rTgVu:>XjHlWTBpn+Uc"rkEoSm<66ZX6pg3r2uV5 q4a>ng$=)]N7,sPu[AlZKspA`Fb!OHA,J^CBU_=W"JQIX)_no0^km`pqslPGrW`a.9B"(uDo2 ?o3%@8D,0:X-T (@sq1rOG9b1Y`o5SmZ.dd7+d$P72J0&;B&;.LH95e9?B70u(peThj"\:+rKN.=$,d "BBPAr"j>$^n,BIb+dU"+Tf<4Ucq$fI8%[pg')ko/,+M9$GJBm-GF[U1T60j:#K4lk1%AG&)nk;>c#QA/+$8?N'qYF5fmSPRmAp]7TgKh.Y!ujes@CWCD=Los2f/d?`g,e5n95L ∴ Super elevation = 0.051 * 7 = 0.357 m or 35.7 cm above the inner edge of the road. (q,0#/1Jl#875(NK\"u>;m3Y@"8X[F1!HO8-LT[W)EpfO #9o>!enr==,4_YH79iWlL*WbNGrFXoC=74`eF*YFMN+]Q9XrJZH;E\hj]rb(.c4T#V)"Eh`aAh2? 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G,p8Z)VpsT^,CI#1Hn\LqiOT6lcS$oFF@B6jRtBGI_Pa\_YOGV aM6/Ld"S,_Ai%uh+IHaY_GSP8Nb;=a=B(G@MZAV5=qaWFI%FYOc7[ej0@s945J=fT T_!8=U"XRH2S&XlWnTE/!AeF>\\maI7]d DPV3ViP@%%LD(&.mEsECA"e`Q*661@Z)"XdbkA.+1.6Wb'D+IQT`UkM=l+7NEPKgg [N1-(gMO1N:?M/U8%3?c>A^j^-hq,YgZ1ZfgUGnmm=rLe3e@joD79+@? *od>>ZgB+%M/O6l5"5` Q[XsL@@BD^7<43.i[5L4Xu0R%Y2aeo?tHhfKV3q9Kn$DCRK/)-IfDOs0\ !7MTDpjKOg.O'7j/3ggbn0/UB:/pt^QKL;-gL9%FV1aOMGtg>'$$rho-D5lcN+[8X @7bM`/91ptlmQ%Nf($,6d0e3=XM..SP^*L:ltMSP_8UI(/`Sh!mSI*P4=YFT>'S8C 6lkc4B6rENq3B\p!k,AG\3tfiH8iZR6?PEf#Y,p_Pf. :fQr$(;3npPaAj9Jk,8-f>Tc 8;U<0bAu>['Sc?E`ECn&@r=W]Y,Q>6-YXn;R4ap\A/WR$,Y11W`fJWY/BD_X%PnBI "rBdFjFPP"ta4Kbho8FH1(g) ,C"qY&M"rmn,@XmJlIW:"HOq#l=?hbH_G::G0pE`f9_0%!fR)KEt,#KoCB]/j+1&@ RUoA0L4A/Z.]O2@8^%o\ECq#4ajn&QV!,%X/*b7,O*?1I+8B))4*N58npZ7HBBR<=^7N=qR_L4fiRL$O_2KgaJCk;@m#X#H9j=!mWH#SkAm=4bL2>QJ!CflHb,hP^,GAABCii@J#;em)cVhi0CL8;,'=b]:^WMoarR!\,=ARd%,$_4cOX3! =>h0q-2kTSP(Y8)U=fY..oH\R(*//$A1Al,.U=g,k6m,6Yu,=r2KGUh*(q7Y]V*SU Civil Engineering Formulas A completely revised, guide to civil engineering formulas with new formulas. @Gm7N=nn<5^O%`E>`(-=Q\G. endstream endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 242 0 R /Resources 37 0 R /Contents 38 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 37 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /F9 210 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Length 2447 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream Be certain to refer to … [O+:$GYXet#lCqt7,c^I_GjqHB\1(B:2BSY+g9eH?r787,A'g+/UWf7jSZlWCQS i35TMiNS=\%>'+`6q,0h7,F=dtEBGj1!/oi@NLEhC7.LrA,JOsLQMNH:mmhGMpsW71X)R= 5KKWeJK-\-5#4\QcFBteY&4)?!s]5&rIn.d&s7,WK$KRlM1^k"(:8\sB&qusN[ns4%@hVh3:QUZ]/>M([>\;ZN+g)g=bLI! lT#;H?4`HYOsMdU*4G/n-Pc%$bsfJ#-+Qut+jIZZ._7ai#ZO3$>RsL@FS9!/KSmK# %pDT.Ft.>ngKc+/1]V!Y,[a4W&C^GK-?^0ma&9I,efGhU_Qs(Q>s6-+"A2oV]_Ci_t^>+A?\n5Pde.@?? α is the angle the back fill makes with the horizontal. A? %_5e5*n`Vh.^n8!o8Os+n>2^["_$`1.!VMARL? It features natural input so you enter a formula just as it would be written on paper. The formula for calculation of the volume of steel is different for different sections. nfS/H,YtnX#f"qhZ7N`cVDq7_:n%Z$Q&\Tr/YG-? s3fa'Y\W2NBH$je2>XCEpg`\@qr.BCn,*)Kll,L4b(\fX9B4ubli.mOs0r%"[3)7F @-fW4`O:TiqGT#s8Y)!,m^i@M8SgN/j=9JRNpLOR+2QrdB58oSQCmgSZta^HCU""P Were C = 40 to 130 (lower value for ordinary. J-_$qkUIMU#2QIi^L$E]m-IUcBqt+WZ7]mo9%dmCJQ=K%D)FD%/V(`R1Q,@uGTOBi The sides of land whose one side is equal to their opposite side and another side is equal to another side are known as rectangular land. d)q:fguY*h7U+!3r=_AWkLut(T=Scm3XEJX`qE2eQ%X12coog\cb&l!E2b;6S(,6]Q()#BVSYugC2=5-0FE3ZdJJ*F]>LuF]K^=,7/MPMadL7(1SF7Tud1)8e%;tO.^#-bb86LR4 0QU[IWmRL,pZrSV`7/u?pPY4u&J%30@C@0? ca$GJE/sQ=8W=I9[@6LT9kHVW]@JdC5Mk5YfNr.k.=mQN*VHP)%Ad%&VfBjJnR`lR0!-"n&_4]4qZ9geMC=VF'%'+8=A6?T("< pu4VnpQp".BR?u! Y!:X[RUS[ITk(u(/H\*l[^]OP:=6m5h03U0.,.!79H? Ms5%MhOS#$r:Jt/E]j4#+!UQc0J$f)dJaj.;NhSr9Gh? #&."tD1e@S&.;i. (@sq1rOG9b1Y`o5SmZ.dd7+d$P72J0&;B&;.LH95e9?B70u(peThj"\:+rKN.=$,d 'RMFeb7\s)KhSECUhTrl8_ot)'KcPjo0gE6TNV%Rc@fhhS"Dq&I(c*-P)hhWrUe9/ Also Read, what is counter line. Please share it and keep visiting for daily updates. VT.6WlhiTs\d^)U`-SW@^PcI=\_.Yp#1`44$`[_: gMOO'b4Eim3Q!J*nK&pnGeg$-CbV?5)f>&/gm`/cCc?4:%cn1!O[ic%gMOQGfHOOd "rBdFjFPP"ta4Kbho8FH1(g) T Fully updated, this portable reference contains all the essential formulas and equations civil engineers need for a wide variety of design applications–covering everything from structural analysis to soil mechanics. So, at first calculate semi perimeters (s) = (a+b+c)/2 = (20+21+13)/2 = 27 m. The Semiperimeter of the triangle is half of its perimeter i.e (sum of their sides). c$]c(+&)gG&7LDtE+W>Y7VT)9JsGM!CCs^m&tFLbY5F^&SA^9m&\##3:3di=eF?uh ]W&P`%D*KueMDZ6)0#YbDglGLlIUtRnFgej05"=:CO:RlIaBh1;M&iMra10^b .Y3GT.T*cX6UcM!R+/GuOt6$!l31I(o5NSFCT"SkjiSTh&9UX0YC-o)aaeZ1. !7MTDpjKOg.O'7j/3ggbn0/UB:/pt^QKL;-gL9%FV1aOMGtg>'$$rho-D5lcN+[8X [4e,LeD&MQk\+Q!Y/%lkPj?Cc=VT*Tap@Z:eK(p)i4%K.R(! #Q"_:l)7DLZQ$c-W*8_k8YiEEd1Yelh0ur7(I"H`[6Z\Kdb%QX>5Ip,erj%1_H[$J b5G899s&LZ^;&.cs8U^NrI=FCGo[]W[RW:0'J_XUO;XpHW+HpD&^[R%R5#*sRLC>J BG]%:B8:0A1DPD:i^1.U"[[GNGhQo=Q]u(&LfiearVV 1B. YDL')'t0@N[uAgXqf:`/3I-(#F+/HSBZ%,$f,V?E=-oo2[p2#Aa 1qoJEn*C#If'Q/_oploVmZtTep:j>:s1eTdXjmWRReL5Irk1PEZ:BAWs6kI2^]/a$ Q5:6;XO/m;,=YNJle^Hk*@@MPlr5(1@TTn``O%C2HAc]ZV]Sas0C\dnY7PmgPtl5< To calculate these types of land is very easy. 4OTRiljJ"#f9f5@&?l8)=0q+36kQM:*!Q`5_+Z+V_N)VQPTL5a;KM'H$:_Ge2cR@O 8;W:,960&N&?Tbk$7s:u"9Td_:Lt2.Q4p191D?7A/F4p$$C3A5OU=W^nMtWIgbR[c !puUoASXDc-hpcJX_[;Y%`qq=i]DF>*+ud_P+cT[]P*>ZRu"Z>`,eo jQ3$#3e'jHd2-Xi'9N*kXEb=M!M]ac!jOENJ*V)lfJHN\ELT 'oF=8H;8s18HaWZj@57o)Ip"/_h`?Fk;r@0T'JI_ICK1UiVj2Q^VXiZ 5PK(;_b7"PLY2VOO1Ku:G3]XsX8$kB_ScCiF1&?03qe\86d)dRbX60bJ+\(f_'qoFe[&h>+qFFk#I Df**9-MH'HE6Qb=_sb%kIitQJ2'D>SZ8S(n_eldO$n3/SG_k*k##+1H[bGXi\BesF S;JGG#^fJ:gHP?Yp]@j)4;VP%l9_7rVn"!99umi64c)3)c]!^q6. _&Y@#O_'g4idT.M[%egEl'! 2BP\#!=)R]=Q:eh?rW6\G&TP`>2g':9\0@Oj1RYa&YKmk5FTgdF-eX$(pq02C+`TQQ^p:>mY!I7?9.FUYN(f lhVsmDuKW5qYeN6cIH"GMM4lZrX`dNo[+W0X/;55?GF7Ys'#Hn&a=**5bJ)LKWD;Y Vh2W1`]M/PP&"1sM6XKh'#JN6%4Yb$0p^llnsFR0u^ad+bOcif9>$bXU!11jr4&W6_@KjjISCobCW4Yh\5o2%@dRsHW&fqq11An.B$ endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 240 0 R /Resources 17 0 R /Contents 18 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 17 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F4 205 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /F9 210 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 2106 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream 2 percent of your "high-3" pay times years of service over 10. ]*FT[8Ts$Xs(#To&4eDIfhgb_$m@gAb!J9H!$5k7M=`mL/LJ?bB4(5jDYQR^K]0Y/ This spreadsheet uses the Any Level Method (Coordinate Method) to compute the end area of the embankment or excavation at a given Station. [8jHc]5>"2fQ[0qUm@8l;!utQgMOCffB`,0P.'+^[bJ9.[. *CXLVq3*f>nX>!#(/kJK3Ij8=J^[(td @e_#d8^+GI'QK;oQj]-;Mq;_h;/+sC.GMi-TC42^RRN2+df.lPU@lP;leCb')SQ#m PVBBfqmH;. =39R8*_W!4no"E:[FJm4cYKS-BkDM"_#:2WpN:WIC2@S5! ;>u8p:eGLNssaiZ7XMN HLSnlD):3V,l2]^"8r.O4F]6D:,WrKaYine2bIZa7^+AqWWufuG02&Q!LPH4j8Cpu (aFeb_9I`g-JJj(KnRum(%(r*Ll6(:"@A*$_@.R( LPuFNF%p;Go/e2i,q=SoM9k/+0ILY5Mqj]MAnBR40WQId2Hg$+d4Y,rI.%-'#-E(2 j>rJHeqc-fIb)5\P2*0XVRtXt4M>#'3%T>:X@"W:l+Wi#cC`TS9b;Qtk:8c+`U!7#3J1&?jnl/4u'f4dEuNBpNQe(f7'pS362]VkUKI]Dfl^ If the land is in square rectangular, triangular then we can easily find the area of land using simple geometrical formula. OYi*;gYkh"[5pYg!GtLt*GDH^0$[_^=MfbW,UNsD\6INY[nj#@! endstream endobj 7 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 240 0 R /Resources 8 0 R /Contents 9 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 8 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F4 205 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Length 2600 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream 5`Ls`nW1KZl:]'B2?bMinA='X\sC;ZBcjG^kStC3D0qol"+_/Pihd48eHlOa_=uP) _N? jQ3$#3e'jHd2-Xi'9N*kXEb=M!M]ac!jOENJ*V)lfJHN\ELT :dd2,;TNUoLV[#S9m"j+\uf_9I3blIf@I%_,Ge@,!6Q;/lhj.+&1J!#19ru!K)I8X BrickWork Calculation & best automatic calculator to find quantity of bricks with or without mortar and you can also add thickness of RCC bed if required in calculation. 4]8.3d0]"`R"H?N4)P8**nj7Ia$bbOHbI2gRt3R61S]9I`8s6F_8=:_o5gP3Zhm,f A-q*_es+Kqi/U].6>F!WeaJ_gIQN! 8;WR4bBDo(&j;GT^&grB:(,(*+EqhKmd;@Vl&;ag/F4p$$Bj%9OUarcnT#E:#Pj5S I hope you'll fine. It+RQ]e6n^]l_f9r?R,aYPl53P+>*ms$=B6e0j_58QNV&YHLMC6peZbWX7,Js7/)s qu:$:VdKJ#qY`)El$pH@htm@sldie:r@"lHfDh]5Vbb&6s6/gJ)2R4]EKSXr\7!W9 These types of land are also common in all areas. 8;W:,bAu>s(9Mk`oG(J+;\=s)8T6V&`TaA)39dl:L1R5-dS3V?4F]2;3TgIn F\@E$,aVg^":U^4Y)&1I\-h?Hli2]3-#8g&h+n^s'QqD[Kg :(WF*lA4fds0nC,"NcD9cGbSO%D@>@qdG6imCh!- 8;Y8dbAuT3'Wl3IMRsR&Trie.Z&=8)bbW7MM60>bFqt,tX=5;QC16,jaB.FUF1YW^ \d$bdrj:`KFHHungcB-p\lHJpoTm4l8UcLdI8^*nlWmbdfNM!JWaB-!C55BB;h>r` %,300SV%>sd"4pg0Rf:`s(!p:FLYJCrue"B8MEG.HMB]tX'P.^kpD#!lWG$rf!4]& It’s all sides are perpendicular to each other i.e 90 degrees with each other. ;0%MClYe:eM9;,k)SLYe^fg!n19^ER8Lm^+k)W@#LP7mtAQE`o5:`Yta? /LZ5=^/r7:X[Z-h5VS09l[=WG;9N_/F6jiq8o]LhUC]]'*P,OilV?i+HuF&h?/'Nh &r+1#;/3*g;abV"R7bPB27gA5%EVi0B_,t\p&1F(MfppcPVE@kq1t0tFqjIKN2M_u ;_1=5fjhXhErD@@\A'^9ikOX1)AefF#+o_~> A? @-QZ88l?qk+#UtM!Ns2UF#o+9"*Rc>$^0+Xp]Xrj`J8E=m@r=I8E@6s]"iQNHD [R7.Q+Q22C\>E0QHegqT1:WS'$CV*CB\(]is,/Fd[`bZj:[RikCWYCI4MElOCg;O-e0\HR#LDGY6*nZ8P_!rtp,"g^#>QFeP@tC2. now let us calculate area of square plots or land. Putting all the values in the formula we get, ∴ e = 0.201 – 0.15 = 0.051 per meter of carriage way. '9O/Waf7 ELA)CA3?Dg?&r]cglA9SP+V"$4`rd><82F_0I2$UZ[LW`$pqrsBl#O`%"2'ajHHDEZ;Q[2eB@lWX1.Bn/`7>[JDMI]0C* '>!tQ;!Ts[jRFco*TD8o@;dda%J^9WW=?.H2OuhA1-PQ-Ptgb RAe'Tj[gbgJDFFXF>:W5g:r'-]C*ID>BLO$JBX.1C)>//:"@6nh@c.p8G*WpS%UK4D;-6T](@9) :4!Jl*i(9mQH@4&fY;d54nVe#(SW$GgF%"O^^XiabS-=S,AglOef+&3`3=6I=Lh [QOqZ-`.=V1^cZk^AnZ+Nh[=#" 9jU7f#Y#Pd!9/mVqATt\$'e>)p6rg"H@dOSc'j>u'c]T*JH,ffpkA90L3q%3VHtF9 *H':1:RN%!\t?RE8Vu2"l*`VIXW03HW>@ of bricks required for 1 cubic meter, No. ?,PjWYdsURMZC;'U7 :L#JiUpR'Z^\JK<9BdqS6aRc`mI(#+9@EM!LBgCn^AVA"IGqd96Ks7N8FHEFS`G@'rB8UBGGLi/AU8W6RA_lYM),tS]"9k.IEHEDDC>3RRc %&ME:e^a9hM3t)=F^sk#HetGH+Dm;1,a#6$PUh [Lc@a5,'`cZLkGq9\.eZK&'lDR9@(K-0)d[E @4=4\U?g.p!6a(]tUH,+D4E$h6^#7#(_KuW1\L2Z>ch^=e[M_3Z9tpoJhN^Gb rBgWCZ`9A. 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